Acetanisole, Acetic Acid, Acetoin, Acetophenone, 6-Acetoxydihydrotheaspirane,
2-Acetyl-3-Ethylpyrazine, 2-Acetyl-5-Methylfuran, Acetylpyrazine, 2-Acetylpyridine,
3-Acetylpyridine, 2-Acetylthiazole, Aconitic Acid, dl-Alanine, Alfalfa Extract, Allspice
Extract-Oleoresin and Oil, Allyl Hexanoate, Allyl Ionone, Almond Bitter Oil, Ambergris
Tincture, Ammonia, Ammonium Bicarbonate, Ammonium Hydroxide, Ammonium
Phosphate Dibasic, Ammonium Sulfide, Amyl Alcohol, Amyl Butyrate, Amyl Formate,
Amyl Octanoate, alpha-Amylcinnamaldehyde, Amyris Oil, trans-Anethole, Angelica
Root Extract-Oil and Seed Oil, Anise, Anise Star- Extract and Oils, Anisyl Acetate
Anisyl Alcohol, Anisyl Formate, Anmisyl Phenylacetate, Apple Juice Concentrate-
Extract and Skins, Apricot Extract and Juice Concentrate, 1-Arginine, Asafetida
Fluid Extract and Oil, Ascorbic Acid, 1-Asparagine Monohydrate, 1-Aspartic Acid,
Balsam Peru and Oil, Basil Oil, Bay Leaf-Oil and Sweet Oil, Beeswax White, Beet
Juice Concentrate, Benzaldehyde, Benzaidehyde Glyceryl Acetal, Benzoic Acid-
Benzoin, Benaoin Resin, Benzophenone, Benzyl Alcohol, Benzyl Benzoate, Benzyl
Butyrate, Benzyl Cinnamate, Benzyl Propionate, Benzyl Salicylate, Bergamot Oil,
Bisabolene, Black Currant Buds Absolute, Borneol, Bornyl Acetate, Buchu Leaf Oil,
1,3-Butanediol, 2,3-Butanedione, 1-Butanol, 2-Butanone,   4(2-Butenylidene)-3,5,5-
Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One,   Butter, Butter Esters, and Butter Oils,   Butyl Acetate,
Butyl Butyrate, Butyl Butyryl Lactate, Butyl Isovalerate, Butyl Phenylacetate, Butyl
Undecylenate, 3-Butylidenephthalide, Butyric Acid, Cadinene, Caffeine, Calcium
Carbonate, Camphene, Cananga Oil, Capsicum Oleoresin, Caramel Color, Caraway
Oil, Carbon Dioxide, Cardamom Oleoresin-Extract-Seed Oil and Powder, Carob Bean
and Extract, beta-Carotene, Carrot Oil, Carvacrol, 4-Carvomenthenol, 1-Carvone, beta-
Caryophyllene, Beta-Caryophyllene Oxide, Cascarilla Oil and Bark Extract, Cassia Bark
Oil, Cassie Absolute and Oil, Castoreum Extract-Tincture and Absolute, Cedar Leaf Oil,
Cedarwood Oil Terpenes and Birginiana, Cedrol, Celery Seed Extract-Solid-Oil and
Oleoresin, Cellulose Fiber, Chamomile Flower Oil and Extract, Chicory Extract, Chocolate,
Cinnamaldehyde, Cinnamic Acid, Cinnamon Leaf Oil-Bark Oil and Extract, Cinnamyl
cetate, Cinnamyl Alcohol, Cinnamyl Cinnamate, Cinnamyl Isovalerate, Cinnamyl Propionate,
Citral, Citric Acid,  Citronella Oil, dl-Citronellol, Citronellyl Butyrate, Citronelly Isogutyrate,
Civet Absolute, Clary Oil, Clover Tops- Red Solid Extract, Coca, Cocoa Shells-Extract-
Distillate and Powder, Coconut Oil, Coffee, Cognac White and Green Oil, Copaiba Oil,
Coriander Extract and Oil, Corn Oil, Corn Silk, Costus Root Oil, Cubeb Oil, Cuminaldehyde,
para-Cymene, 1-Cysteine, Dandelion Root Solid Extract, Davana Oil,   2-trans, 4-trans-
Decadienal,  delta-Decalactone, Decanal, Decanoic Acid, 1-Decanol, 2-Decenal,
Dehydromenthofurolactone, Diethyl Malonate, Diethyl Sebacate,   2,3-Diethylpyrazine,
Dihydro Anethole,   5,7-Dihydro-2-Methylthieno(3,4-D) Pyrimidine,  Dill Seed Oil and Extract,
Meta-Dimethoxybenzene, para-Dimethoxybenzene,  2,6-Dimethoxyphenol,  Dimethyl
Succinate,   3,4-Dimethyl-1,2 Cyclopentanedione,    3,5-Dimethyl-1-2-Cyclopentanedione,   
3,7-Dimethyl-1,3,6-Octatriene,    4,5-Dimethyl-3-Hydroxy-2,5-Dihydrofuran-2-One,   6,10-
Dimethyl-5-,9-Undecadien-2-One    3,7-Dimethyl-6-Octenoic Acid, 2,4 Dimethylacetophenone,
  alpha, para-Dimethylbenzyl Alcohol,   Alpha, alpha-Dimethylphenethyl Acetate,   Alpha, alpha-
Dimethylphenethyl Butyrate, 2,3-Dimethylpyrazine, 2,5-Dimethylpyrazine, 2,6-Dimethylpyrazine, Dimethyltetrahydrobenzofuranone, delta-Dodecalactone, gamma-Dodecalactone, para-
ethoxybenzaldehyde, Ethyl 10-Undecenoate, Ethyl 2-Methylbutyrate, Ethyl Acetate, Ethyl
Acetoacetate, Ethyl Alcohol, Ethyl Benzoate, Ethyl Butyrate, Ethyl Cinnamate, Ethyl Decanoate,
Ethyl Fenchol, Ethyl Furoate, Ethyl Heptanoate, Ethyl Hexanoate, Ethyl Isovalerate, Ethyl
Sactate, Ethyl Laurate, Ethyl Levulinate, Ethyl Maltol, Ethyl Methyl Phenylglycidate, Ethyl
Myristate, Ethyl Nonanoate, Ethyl Octadecanoate, Ethyl Octanoate, Ethyl Oleate, Ethyl Palmitate,
Ethyl Phenylacetate, Ethyl Phanylacetate, Ethyl Propionate, Ethyl Salicylate, Ethyl trans-2-
Butenoate, Ethyl Valerate, Ethyl Vanillin,   2-Ethyl (or Methyl)-(3,5 and 6)-Methoxypyrazine,
2-Ethyl-1-Hexanol, 3-Ethyl-2-hydroxy-2-Cyclopenten-1-One    2-Ethyl-3, (5 or 6)-Dimethylpyrazine,
     5-Ethyl-3-Hydroxy-4-Methyl-2(5H)-Furanone,   2-Ethyl-3-Methylpyrazine, 4-Ethylbenzaldehyde,
4-Ethylguaiacol, para-Ethylphenol, 3-Ethylpyridine, Eucalyptol, Farnesol, D-Fenchone, Fennel
Swee Oil,   Fenugreek-Extract-Resin and Absolute,  Fig Juice Concentrate, Food Starch Modified,
Furfuryl Mercaptan, 4-(Furyl)-3-Buten-2-One, Galbanum Oil, Genet Absolute, Gentian Root Extract,
Geraniol, Geranium Rose Oil, Geranyl Acetate, Geranyl Butrate, Geranyl Formate, Geranyl
Isovalerate, Geranyl Phenylacetate, Ginger Oil and Oleoresin,  1-Glutamic Acid, 1-Glutamine,
Glycerol, Glycyrrhizin Ammoniated, Grape Juice Concentrate, Guaiac Wood Oil, Guaiacol,
Guar Gum,   2,4-Heptadienal, gamma-Heptalactone, Heptanoic Acid, 2-Heptanone, 3-Hepten-
2-One, 2-Hepten-4-One, 4-Heptenal, trans-2-Heptenal, Heptyl Acetate, omega-6-Hexadecenlactone,
gamma-Hexalactone, Hexanal, Hexanoic Acid, 2-Hexen-1-Ol, 3-Hexen-1-Ol, cis-3-Hexen-1-Yl
Acetate, 2-Hexenal, 3-Hexenoic Acid, trans-2-Hexenoic Acid, cis-3-Hexenyl Formate, Hexyl 2-
Methylbutyrate, Hexyl Acetate, Hexyl Alcohol, Hexy Phenylacetate, 1-Histidine, Honey, Hops Oil,
Hydrolyzed Milk Solids, Hydrolyzed Plant Proteins, 5-hydroxy-2,4-Decadienoic Acid delta-
Lactone, 4-Hydroxy-2,5-Dimethyl-3(2H)-Furanone,  2-Hydroxy-2,5,5-Trimethyl-2-Cyclohexen-1-One,
  4-Hydroxy-3-Pentenoic Acid Lactone, 2-Hydroxy-4-Methylbenzaldehyde, 4-Hydroxybutanoic
Acid Lactone, Hydroxycitronellal, 6-Hydroxydihydrotheaspirane, 4-(para-Hydroxphenyl)-2-
Butanone, Hyssop Oil, Immortelle Absolute and Extract, alpha-ionone, beta-Ionone, alpha-Irone,
Isoamyl Acetate, Isoamyl Benzoate, Isoamyl Butyrate, Isoamyl Cinnamate,   Isoamyl Formate,
soamyl Hexanoate,  Isoamyl Isovalerate, Isoamyl Octanoate, soamyl Phenylacetate, Isobornyl
Acetate, Isobutyl Alcohol, IsobutlyCinnamate, Isobutyl Phenylacetate, Isobutyl Salicylate, 2-Isobutyl-
3-Methoxypyrazine, alpha-Isobutylphenethyl Alcohol, Isobutyraldehyde, Isobutyric Acid,   d,l-
Isoleucine, alpha-Isomethylionone, 2-Isopropylphenol, Isovaleric Acid, J asmine Absolute-
Concrete and Oil, Kola Nut Extract, Labdanum Absolute and Oleoresin, Lactic Acid, Lauric Acid,
Lauric Aldehyde, Lavandin Oil, Lavender Oil, Lemon Oil and Extract, Lemongrass Oil, 1-Leucine,
Levulinic Acid, Licorice Root-Fluid-Extract &Powder, Lime oil, Linalool, Linalool Oxide, Linalyl
Acetate, Linden Flowers, Lovage Oil and Extract, 1-Lysine,Mace Powder-Extract and Oil,
Magnesium Carbonate, Malic Acid, malt and Malt Extract, Maltodextrin, Maltol, Maltyl Isobutyrate,
Mandarin Oil, Maple Syrup and Concentrate, mate Leaf-Absolute and Oil, Para-Mentha-8-Thiol-3-
One, Menthol, Menthone, Menthyl Acetate, dl-Methionine, Methoprene, 2-Methoxy-4-Methylphenol,
2-Methoxy-4-Vinylphenol, para-Methoxybenzaldehyde,  1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-1-Penten-3-One,
4-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Butanone, 1-(para-Methoxyphenyl)-2-Propanone, Methoxypyrazine,
Methyl 2-Furoate, Methyl 2-Pyrrolyl Ketone, Methyl Anisate, Methyl jAnthranilate, Methyl  Benzoate,
Methyl Cinnamate, Methyl Dihydrojasmonate, Methyl Ester of Rosin-Partially Hydrogenated, Methyl
Isovalerate, Methyl linoleate (48%), Methyl Linolenate (52%) Mixture, Methyl Naphthyl Ketone,
Methyl Nicotinate, Methyl Phenylacetate, Methyl Salicylate, Methyl Sulfide, 3-Methylk-1-
Cyclopentadecanone, 4-Methyl-1-phenyl-2-Pentanone, 5-Methyl-2-Phenyhl-2-Hexenal, 5-Methyl-2-
Thiophenecarboxaldehyde,  6-Methyl-3,-5-Heptadien-2-One,   6-Methyl-3,-5-Heptadien-2-One, 2-
Methyl-3-(para-Isopropylphenyl) Propionaldehyde, 5-Methyl-3-Hexen-2-One, 1-Methyl-3Methoxy-4-I
sopropylbenzene, 4-Methyl-3-Pentene-2-One, 2-Methyl-4-Phenylbutyraldehyde, 6-Methyl-5-Hepten-
2-One, 4-Methyl-5-Thiazoleethanol, 4-Methyl-5-Vinylthiazole, Methyl-alpha-Ionone, Methyl-trans-2-
Butenoic Acid, 4-Methylacetophenone, para-Methylanisole, alpha-Methylbenzyl Acetate, alpha-
Methylbenzyl Alcohol, 2-Methylbutyraldehyde, 3-Methylbutyraldehyde, 2-Methylbutyric Acid, alpha-
Methylcinnamaldehyde, Methylcyclopentenolone, 2-Methylheptanoic jAcid, 2-Methylhexanoic Acid,
3-Methylpentanoic Acid, 4-Methylpentanoic Acid, 2-Methylpyrazine, 5-Methylquinoxaline, 2-
Methyltetrahydrofuran-3-One, a (Methylthio) Methylpyrazine (Mixture of Isomers), 3-
Methylthiopropionaldehyde, Methyl 3-Methylthiopropionate, 2-Methylvaleric Acid, Mimosa Absolute
and extract, Molasses Extract and Tincture, Mountain Maple Solid Extract, Mullein Flowers,
Myristaldehyde, Myristic Acid, Myrrh Oil, beta-Napthyl Ethyl Ether, Nerol, Neroli Bigarde Oil,
Nerolidol, Nona-2-trans, 6-cis-Dienal, 2,6-Nonadien-1-Ol, gamma-Nonalactone, Nonanal,
Nonanoic Acid, Nonanone, trans-2-Nonen-1-Ol, 2-Nonenal, Nonyl Acetate, Nutmeg Powder and
Oil, Oak Chips Extract and Oil, Oak Moss Absolute,   9,12-Octadecadienoic Acid (48%) and 9,12,15-
Octadecatrienoic Acid (52%),   delta-Octalactone, gamma-Octalactone, Octanal, Octanoic Acid,
1-octanol, 2-Octanone, 3-octen-2-One, 1-Octen-3-Ol, 1-Octen-3-Yl Acetate, 2-Octenal, Octyl
Isobutyrate, Oleic Acid, Oliganum Oil, Opoponax Oil and Gum,   Orange Blossoms Water,
Absolute, and leaf Absolute,   Orange Oil andExtract, Origanum Oil, Orris Concrete Oil and Root
Extrract, Palmarosa Oil, Palmitic Acid, Parsley Seed Oil, Patchouli Oil, omega-Pentadecalactone, 2,3-
Pentanedione, 2-Pentanone, 4-Pentenoic Acid, 2-Pentylpyridine, Pepper Oil, Glack and White,
Peppermeint Oil, Peruvian (Bois De Rose) Oil,    Petitgrain Absolute, Mandarin Oil and Tdrpeneless
Oil,   alpha-Phellandrene, 2-Phenenthyl Acetate, Phenenthyl Alcohol, Phenenthyl Butyrate, Phenenthyl
Cinnamate, Phenenthyl Isobutyrate, Phenenthyl Isovalerate, Phenenthyl Phenylacetate, Phenenthyl
Salicylate, 1-Phenyl-1- Propanol, 3-Phenyl-1-Propanol, 2-Phenyl-2-Butenal, 4-Phenyl-3-Buten-2-Ol,
4-Phenyhl-3-Buten-2-One, Phenylacetaldehyde, Phenylacetic Acid, 1-Phenyalanine, 3-
Phenylpropionaldehyde, 3-Phenylpropionic Acid, 3-Phenylpropyl Acetate, 3-Phenylpropyl Cinnamate,
2-(3-Phenylpropy) Tetrahydrofuran, Phosphoric Acid, Pimenta Leaf Oil,    Pine Needle Oil, Pine Oil,
Scotch,    Pineapple Juice Concentrate,  alpha-Pinene, beta-Pinene,   D-Piperitone, Piperonal, Pipissewa
Leaf Extract, Plum Juice, Potassium Sorbate, 1-Proline, Propenylguaethol, Propionic Acid, Propyl
Acetate, Propyl para-Hydroxybenzoate, Propylene Glycol, 3-Propylidenephthalide, Prune Juice and
Concentrate, Pyridine, Pyroligneous Acid and Extract, Pyrrole, Pyruvic Acid, Raisin Juice Concentrate,
Rhodinol, Rose Absolute and Oil, Rosemary Oil, Rum, Rum Extract, Rum Ether,    Sage, Sage Oil, and
Sage Oleoresin,    Salicylaldehyde, Sandalwood Oil, Yellow    Sclareolide, Skatole, Smoke Flavor,
Snakeroot Oil, Sodium Acetate, Sodium Benzoate, Sodium Bicarbonate, Sodium Carbonate, Sodium
Chloride, Sodium Citrate, Sodium Hydroxide, Solanone, Spearmint Oil,     Styrax Extract, Gum and Oil, 
  Sucrose Octaacetate, Sugars Alcohols, Sugars, Tagetes Oil, Tannic Acid, Tartaric Acid, Tea Leaf and
Absolute, alpha-Terpinelol, Terpinolene, Terpinyl Acetate, 5,6,7,8-Tetrahydroquinoxaline,    1,5,5,9-
Tetramethyl-13-Oxatricyclo(8.3.0.0.(4,9) Tridecane, 2,3,4,5 and 3,4,5,6-Tetramethylethyl-Cyclohexanone,  
2,3,5,6-Tetramethylpyrazine, Thiamine Hydrochloride, Thiazole, 1-Threonine,  Thyme Oil, White and red, 
Thymol, Tobacco Extracts, Tochopherols (mixed), Tolu Balsam Gum and Extract, Tolualdehydes, para-
Tolyl 3-Methylbutyrate,para-Tolyl Acetaldehyde, para-Tolyl Acetate, para-Tolyl Isobutyrate, para-Tolyl
Phenylacetate, Triacetin, 2-Tridecanone, 2-Tridecenal, Triethyl Citrate,   3,5,5-Trimethyl-1-Hexanol,  
para, alpha, alpha-Trimethylbenzy Alcohol,   4-(2,6,6-Trimethylcyclohex-2-Ene-1,4-Dione,  4-(2,6,6-
Trimethylcyclohex-1-Enyl)But-2-En-4-One,  2,6,6-Trimethyhlcyclohex-2-Ene-1,4-Dione,     2,6,6-
Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl Methan, 4-(2.6.6-Trimethylcyclohexa-1,3-Dienyl)But-2-En-4-One,
2,2,6-Trimethylcyclohexanone,  2,3,5-Trimethylpyrazine,  1-Tyrosine, delta-Undercalactone,
gamma-Undecalactone, Undecanal, 2-Undecanone,1,  O-Undecenal, Urea, Valencene, Valeraldehyde,
Valerian Root Extract, Oil and Powder,   Valeric Acid gamma-Valerolactone, Valine, Vanilla extract
And Oleoresin, Vanillin,Veratraldehyde, Vetiver Oil, Vinegar, Violet Leaf Absolute, Walnut Hyull Extract,
Water, Wheat Extract  And Flour, Wild Cherry Bark Extract, Wine and Wine Sherry, Xanthan Gum, 3,4-
Xylenol, Yeast.     


In 1994 this list was submitted by the American Tobacco Company, Brown and Williamson, Liggett Group, Inc.,  Philip Morris Inc., and the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Companies to the Department of Health and Human Services. These ingredients were approved as food additives but were not tested by burning. There are 43 known carcinogens that are present in mainstream smoke and/or sidestream smoke .  When burnt the 599 chemicals lead to over 4000 other chemicals .